how to become a judge in india after 12th

Becoming a judge in India requires a combination of education, experience, and passing competitive examinations. Here are the general steps you can follow:

  1. Educational Qualifications:
    • Undergraduate Degree: You need to have a bachelor’s degree in law (LLB) from a recognized university. This is typically a 3-year or 5-year program.
  2. Enrollment as an Advocate:
    • After completing your LLB, you need to enroll with your state’s Bar Council as an advocate. This is a regulatory body for lawyers in India.
  3. Gain Practical Experience:
    • After enrollment, it’s important to gain practical experience by working as a lawyer. You may work in a law firm, under a senior advocate, or in a legal department of an organization.
  4. Preparation for Judicial Services Examination:
    • In India, to become a judge, you’ll have to clear the Judicial Services Examination conducted by the respective state’s public service commission. The examination includes:
      • Preliminary Examination: This is typically objective-type and covers topics like general knowledge, current affairs, English language, and legal aptitude.
      • Main Examination: This is subjective and includes questions on various areas of law, drafting of legal documents, and language skills.
      • Viva-voce/Interview: This is a face-to-face interview to assess your suitability for the role.
  5. Clearance of Eligibility Criteria:
    • You need to meet the eligibility criteria set by the respective state’s judiciary. This may include age limits, nationality, and other requirements.
  6. Practice Law for a Minimum Period:
    • Many states require a certain number of years of practice as an advocate, typically ranging from 3 to 7 years.
  7. Apply for Judicial Services Examination:
    • Keep an eye out for notifications regarding the Judicial Services Examination from the respective state’s public service commission. The notifications usually specify the eligibility criteria, exam dates, and application procedure.
  8. Prepare for the Examination:
    • This involves a rigorous study of law subjects, especially those relevant to the judiciary. Joining a coaching institute, if available, can be beneficial.
  9. Clear the Examination:
    • You need to perform well in all stages of the examination process – Preliminary, Main, and Viva-voce.
  10. Appointment:
    • Upon clearing the examination and meeting all eligibility criteria, you’ll be eligible for appointment as a judge. You’ll be appointed as a Civil Judge (Junior Division) initially and then, depending on experience and performance, you can progress to higher positions like Civil Judge (Senior Division), District Judge, etc.

Remember, the specific process might vary slightly from state to state in India, so it’s important to refer to the official notifications and guidelines issued by the respective state’s public service commission.

Lastly, persistence and dedication are crucial in this journey, as the competition for judicial positions can be quite intense.

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What should I study to become a judge in India?

To become a judge in India, you typically need to follow these steps:

  1. Undergraduate Education: Pursue a Bachelor’s degree in Law (LL.B) after completing your undergraduate studies in any discipline.
  2. Postgraduate Education (Optional): Consider pursuing a Master’s degree in Law (LL.M) for further specialization and knowledge enhancement. While not mandatory, it can be beneficial.
  3. Judicial Services Examination: Clear the relevant Judicial Services Examination conducted by the respective state’s High Court or by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) for appointment as a judge.
  4. Practical Experience: Gain practical experience as a lawyer for a specified number of years, which is usually a prerequisite for eligibility to appear in judicial services examinations.
  5. Clearance of Viva-Voce and Interview: Candidates who pass the written examination usually have to go through a viva-voce (oral examination) and an interview.
  1. Is it difficult to be a judge in India?
    • Yes, becoming a judge in India can be a competitive and challenging process due to the rigorous selection criteria and the need for substantial legal experience.
  2. Are judges paid well in India?
    • Judges in India receive a decent salary, along with various allowances and benefits. The pay scales vary based on the level of the court (District Court, High Court, or Supreme Court).
  3. Is being a judge a good career in India?
    • Many people consider being a judge a prestigious and respected profession. It offers a chance to uphold justice and make significant contributions to society.
  4. Who earns more, a lawyer or a judge in India?
    • Generally, senior and successful lawyers who have built a significant practice can earn more than judges. However, judges have a stable and respected position with fixed salary structures.
  5. Which law practice has the highest salary in India?
    • Corporate law, especially in top law firms and multinational corporations, tends to offer some of the highest salaries in the legal field in India.
  6. Who is the No 1 lawyer in India?
    • As of my last knowledge update in September 2021, there isn’t a definitive “No 1” lawyer in India. Prominent lawyers like Harish Salve, Fali Nariman, and Mukul Rohatgi are among the most respected, but this can change over time.
  7. Which law is in demand in India?
    • Specializations like Corporate Law, Intellectual Property Law, Cyber Law, and Environmental Law have been in demand in India due to the evolving legal landscape.
  8. Which law is best for a girl in India?
    • The best law field for a girl in India depends on her interests and career goals. There’s no specific field that is exclusively suited for girls; any field of law can be pursued based on individual preferences and strengths.
  9. Which city in India is best for law practice?
    • Delhi, Mumbai, Bangalore, and Kolkata are some of the top cities for law practice in India, as they have a vibrant legal ecosystem with numerous law firms, courts, and legal opportunities.
  10. Which stream is best for law in India?
    • There isn’t a specific stream that is considered the best for studying law. Students from various streams like Science, Commerce, and Humanities can pursue a career in law. It’s more important to have a genuine interest in legal studies.

FAQ: How to Become a Judge in India After 12th

  1. Q: Can I become a judge in India directly after completing my 12th standard?A: No, becoming a judge in India requires a law degree, which means you must complete a Bachelor of Laws (LL.B) program after your 12th standard.
  2. Q: What is the minimum educational requirement to become a judge in India?A: The minimum educational requirement is a Bachelor’s degree in Law (LL.B) from a recognized university or institution.
  3. Q: What is the duration of the LL.B program?A: The LL.B program typically lasts for three years if pursued after graduation and five years if pursued directly after the 12th standard.
  4. Q: Are there any specific subjects I should study in my 12th standard to prepare for a career in law?A: While there are no specific subjects mandated, a strong foundation in subjects like English, Political Science, History, and Economics can be beneficial.
  5. Q: What is the process to pursue a career in law after 12th?A: After completing your 12th standard, you need to apply for a five-year integrated LL.B program in a recognized law college or university.
  6. Q: Are there any entrance exams for admission to law colleges in India?A: Yes, many law colleges conduct their own entrance exams, and there are also national-level entrance exams like CLAT (Common Law Admission Test) and AILET (All India Law Entrance Test).
  7. Q: What are the steps to become a judge after completing my LL.B?A: After completing your LL.B, you’ll need to gain practical experience as a lawyer, clear the Judicial Services Examination conducted by the respective state’s High Court or by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC), and pass the viva-voce and interview.
  8. Q: Can I pursue further studies after LL.B?A: Yes, you can opt for a Master’s degree in Law (LL.M) to further specialize in a specific area of law.
  9. Q: How long does it typically take to become a judge after completing my LL.B?A: The timeline can vary, but it usually takes a few years of legal practice, followed by clearing the Judicial Services Examination, to become eligible for a judge’s position.
  10. Q: Is there any age limit to become a judge in India?A: The age limit to become a judge varies by state and jurisdiction. Generally, candidates must be below a certain age (usually around 35-45 years) at the time of application.
  11. Q: Can I become a judge if I have completed my LL.B through correspondence or distance education?A: The eligibility criteria for becoming a judge may vary, but it’s recommended to pursue a regular, recognized LL.B program to maximize your chances of meeting the requirements.

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