Lachit Borphukan Essay

Lachit Borphukan was a prominent figure in the Ahom kingdom, a dynasty that ruled over parts of present-day Assam and Arunachal Pradesh. He was born in 1622, and his father was Momai Tamuli Borbarua, the commander-in-chief of the Ahom army. Lachit Borphukan followed in his father’s footsteps and became one of the most celebrated generals in Assamese history.

Early Life

Lachit Borphukan’s early life is shrouded in mystery, but he is believed to have received his military training under his father’s guidance. He proved his mettle in battle at a young age and was appointed as the commander of the Simulgarh fort in Guwahati, a strategically important location.

Battle of Saraighat

The Battle of Saraighat is perhaps the most famous event in Lachit Borphukan’s life. It was fought in 1671 against the Mughal army led by Ram Singh I. The Mughals had set their sights on capturing the Ahom kingdom, and they had already conquered several areas in Assam. The Ahom king, Chakradhwaj Singha, entrusted Lachit Borphukan with the task of repelling the invaders.

Lachit Borphukan rallied his troops and launched a fierce attack on the Mughal army, which was heavily outnumbered. He used innovative tactics such as building temporary bridges to cross the Brahmaputra river and surprise attacks at night. His leadership and bravery inspired his soldiers, and they fought with renewed vigor. The Ahom army emerged victorious, and the Mughals were forced to retreat.


Lachit Borphukan’s heroics in the Battle of Saraighat have made him a legendary figure in Assamese history. He is celebrated as a symbol of Assamese resistance against foreign invaders. His statue stands in Guwahati, and the Indian Navy has named one of its warships after him. His legacy is a testament to the bravery and determination of the people of Assam.


Q: Who was Lachit Borphukan?

A: Lachit Borphukan was a commander in the Ahom Kingdom of Assam, a state in northeastern India, in the 17th century. He is known for his leadership in the Battle of Saraighat against the Mughal Empire in 1671.

Q: What was the Battle of Saraighat?

A: The Battle of Saraighat was a naval battle fought on the Brahmaputra River near Guwahati, Assam, in 1671. The Mughal Empire, led by the general Mir Jumla II, was attempting to conquer Assam, which was ruled by the Ahom Kingdom. Lachit Borphukan commanded the Ahom forces and successfully defended the river, preventing the Mughals from advancing further into Assam.

Q: Why is Lachit Borphukan important?

A: Lachit Borphukan is considered a hero in Assam and is remembered for his bravery and leadership in defending his homeland against the Mughal Empire. He is also known for his loyalty and dedication to the Ahom king, Chakradhwaj Singha.

Q: What are some of Lachit Borphukan’s notable achievements?

A: In addition to his victory in the Battle of Saraighat, Lachit Borphukan is known for his contributions to the fortification of the Ahom capital city of Guwahati and his successful campaigns against the Bhutanese and the Dimasa tribes. He was also responsible for organizing a strong navy to defend the Brahmaputra River against invaders.

Q: What is the significance of Lachit Divas?

A: Lachit Divas is an annual holiday in Assam that commemorates the heroism of Lachit Borphukan and the victory in the Battle of Saraighat. It is celebrated on November 24th each year.

Q: What can we learn from the life of Lachit Borphukan?

A: Lachit Borphukan’s life teaches us the importance of loyalty, bravery, and leadership in defending our homeland and standing up against oppression. He is a role model for young people in Assam and beyond, and his legacy continues to inspire people to this day.


Lachit Borphukan was a true hero who fought against all odds to defend his kingdom. His leadership and bravery in the face of adversity continue to inspire generations of Assamese people. This article aims to provide our readers with a comprehensive understanding of his life and accomplishments. We hope that this article will help to bring greater recognition to Lachit Borphukan and his contributions to Indian history.

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